Down’s syndrome, also known as Down syndrome or trisomy 21, is a condition you’re born with. Most people who have Down’s syndrome lead healthy and fulfilled lives.


Down’s syndrome is caused by an extra chromosome in a baby’s cells.

In most cases, this is not inherited – it’s simply the result of a one-off genetic change in the sperm or egg.

There’s a small chance of having a child with Down’s syndrome with any pregnancy, but the likelihood increases with the age of the mother.

For example, a woman who’s 20 has about a 1 in 1,500 chance of having a baby with Down’s, while a woman who’s 40 has a 1 in 100 chance.

There’s no evidence that anything done before or during pregnancy increases or decreases the chance of having a child with Down’s syndrome.

Source NHS Down’s Syndrome

Isabella’s Story

a prenatal diagnose

Our journey with Leo

a postnatal diagnoses

I had an average pregnancy, at 12 weeks my blood test showed low risk blood test for Down Syndrome (DS). At 38 weeks’ gestation I went into labour and after a short labour Leo
arrived in 2015. Following his birth, he had some difficulties breathing and spent time in NICU where within a few hours of his birth the Paediatrician told us that Leo was showing ‘soft’ signs of DS. As Leo was poorly with his breathing, he was diagnosed with Persistent Pulmonary Hypertension of the Newborn (PPHN) our initial shock of the possible DS diagnosis was put to the back of our minds as we needed him to make it through this first hurdle and survive.

On day three after Leo’s birth whist still very poorly in NICU, we got the official diagnosis of DS from the Genetics test which had been carried out when he was born. We had been on a rollercoaster of emotions in 72 hours, the excitement of having our second son, to knowing that he was very poorly and then the bombshell we hadn’t planned for a child with DS.

From day one Leo lived up to the lion in his name and was a true fighter as after just short of 4 weeks in NICU he was ready to come home and complete our family of 4 with our other son who was nearly 4 at the time.

Since Leo rocked our world, he has changed our world as we know it for the better. He has touched and educated many people around him. He brightens up a room with his smile and cheeky looks and people are just captivated by him. It isn’t always easy with juggling lots of appointments and there are days when things can get you down but a smile from Leo makes it all worth it.

Leo is now a lively 4 ½ year old he is starting mainstream school in September. So we are all set for the next chapter in Leo’s life

Ben’s story

a postnatal diagnoses